Although the subject of naval camouflage is of immense importance to warship enthusiasts, model makers, and naval historians, there has never been an authoritative history on the subject until now. This comprehensive study brings fragmented historical evidence into focus by listing all of the major patterns and schemes, as well as their colors, characteristics, and functions. Photographs and approved pattern drawings with variations provide a clarifying visual reference to an art form that was often a product of ad hoc wartime development. The accompanying narrative describes the theory of visual deception with an emphasis on British and American ships and selected German and neutral ships. This generously illustrated volume will become a standard reference for all naval history bookshelves.