If the past is any guide, many of the new "Third Wave" democracies can be expected to fall by the wayside. Moreover, a significant part of the world's peoples do not enjoy democratic government. This volume brings together studies of many of the small number of previously established states that have retained and/or restored democracy despite, in many cases, formidable economic, social or political challenges. It seeks to establish common themes, whether or not they appear to fit a grand causal theory. It is, after all, the very adaptability of democratic systems that characterizes their persistence, durability and resilience.