Class exercises will he based first of all upon the text, with such methods of recitation, question, and quiz as the teacher may prefer. Here is the opportunity to show how previous chapters bear on the days subject, and to enlarge the subject, through the teachers knowledge. Outside reading of additional books by the pupils will greatly aiti in accormpIishing the teachers purpose. A textbook, in order to cover the ground, must briefly notice many facts and statements which can be enlarged to advantage out of other books. The Hosts of references which follow each of the chapters are guides to a variety of farmaI histories, biographies, and reference books. Special attention is called to the lists of sources, illustrative works, and pictures. Written work has long ben recognized as one of theadjuncts of historical study in the secondary school it may take many forms, such as essays, based on secondary authorities reports, based in whole or in part on sources brief judgmcnt questions set and answered in class or written recitations. The chapter references will aid in such work.