Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 27. Chapters: Lars Onsager, Fridtjof Nansen, Sigrid Undset, Knut Hamsun, Ragnar Frisch, Bj rnstjerne Bj rnson, Finn E. Kydland, Ivar Giaever, Christian Lous Lange, Odd Hassel, Trygve Haavelmo. Excerpt: Fridtjof Wedel-Jarlsberg Nansen (10 October 1861 - 13 May 1930) was a Norwegian explorer, scientist, diplomat, humanitarian and Nobel laureate. In his youth a champion skier and ice skater, he led the first crossing of the Greenland interior in 1888, and won international fame after reaching a record northern latitude of 86 14' during his North Pole expedition of 1893-96. Although he retired from exploration after his return to Norway, his techniques of polar travel and his innovations in equipment and clothing influenced a generation of subsequent Arctic and Antarctic expeditions. Nansen studied zoology at the University of Christiania, and later worked as a curator at the Bergen Museum where his work on the central nervous system of lower marine creatures earned him a doctorate and helped establish modern theories of neurology. After 1896 his main scientific interest switched to oceanography; in the course of his researches he made many scientific cruises, mainly in the North Atlantic, and contributed to the development of modern oceanographic equipment. As one of his country's leading citizens, in 1905 Nansen spoke out for the ending of Norway's union with Sweden, and was instrumental in persuading Prince Charles of Denmark to accept the throne of the newly independent Norway. Between 1906 and 1908 he served as the Norwegian representative in London, where he helped negotiate the Integrity Treaty that guaranteed Norway's independent status. In the final decade of his life Nansen devoted himself primarily to the League of Nations, following his appointment in 1921 as the League's High Commissioner for Refugees. In 1922 he was awa...
|Title:||Norwegian Nobel Laureates: Lars Onsager, Fridtjof Nansen, Sigrid Undset, Knut Hamsun, Ragnar Frisch, BJ Rnstjerne BJ Rnson, Finn E. Kydland||Publisher:||Books LLC, Wiki Series|
|Author:||Llc Books, Llc Books|
|No. of Pages:||28|
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