The Tribal people of India constitutes 8.08 percent of the total population of India. These tribal peoples are scattered throughout the Indian Union except Haryana, Punjab, Chandigarh, Delhi and Pondichery. They are generally inhabiting in different ecological and geoclimatic conditions mostly inaccessible to other people. So each tribal group is distinct from the other in ethnic affinity and social practices. They are having some salient features which make them unique. The cultural identification or way of living is still strong among them.
After independence a considerable amount has been spent over the tribes in the name of their upliftment but the results are not up to the expectational levels because the programmes were not based on their cultural values, felt needs, core problems and ecosystem. It has been said that they have kept their tribal virility, culture, language and identity so any attempt to replace their traditions with new ideas will be rejected.
With a view to improve the way of living of the tribal people the planners and implementers must have the ethnographic knowledge of the Indian tribes.
With this broad view in mind the author has tried to present in this volume the culture and identity of Indian tribes on the basis of anthropological approach because anthropoligical study is the only discipline which recognizes the uniqueness of each cultural traditions, norms and behaviours of the tribal communities.
Contents:Preface 1. Some Glimpses of the Tribe. Chaturhhuj Sahu. 2. The Birjia : A primitive Tribe of Bihar. Chaturbhuj Sahu. 3. Specific Role and Responsibilities of the Santhal Women. Chaturbhuj Sahu. 4. Food and Health Condition of the Birhor : A Vanishing tribe of Bihar. Chaturbhuj Sahu. 5. The Lepchas of Darjeeling and their Language Problem. Chaturbhuj Sahu. 6. Khortha (Sadani) Language in its Glorious Perspective. Chaturbhuj Sahu andA.K. Jha. 7. Physiography and Santhal Tribe of the Usri Basin. S. N.-P. Gupta and O. P. Gupta. 8. The Aged Santhal widows of Giridih. Ms. Ratna Samanta. 9. Role of Tribes of Bihar in Different Movements, Ms. Shradha Kumari. 10. The Population of Tribes in India With special Reference to Sex-ratio. Ms. Shradha Kumari. 11. The Socio-Cultural and Demographic Profile of Bharias of Patalkot. A.N. Sharma. 12. Dietary Habits and Nutrients intake Pattern among Bharias of Patalkot. 13. TheBhil. Lok Nath Soni. 14. Environmental Perspective in relation to economy of some tribes of western Madhya Pradesh. Lok Nath Soni. 15. Jharkhandi Culture and Identity. C. K. Verma. 16. Social and Economic Scenario of a Primitive Tribe in Madhay Pradesh. Debabrata Mandal. 17. Cultural and Environmental Aspects of Health in the Santhal Tribe. Parnita Kumari, Krishichayan and Sulekha Kumari. 18. Tribal Ecosystem in Giridish District. Krishichayan, Parnita Kumari and Sulekha kumari. 19. Paharias : The Autocthons of Santhal Pargans in Bihar. A Brief study in Historical Perspective. Dinesh Narayan Verma. 20. The Paharias of Santhal Parganas in Bihar : A Primitive Community on vere of massive and Gradual Decline. Disnesh Narayan Verma. 21. Myth of Paharia''s Welfare and Pacification by the Early British officials. Sureshwar Nath and Dinesh Narayan Verma. 22. Health and Nutrition among the Kora of Bankura, West Bengal: An Anthropetric study. M. Haque and S. Samanta. 23. Tribal Habital, Economy and Society (A case Study of Kawar Tribe of Madhya Pradesh). R. P. Tiwari. 24. Level of Literacy among Saur tribe of Tikamgarh Tahsil of Madhay Pradesh. R. P. Tiwari. 25. Food Habit of Santhal. Mrs. Indu Kumari
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