This reference work features approximately 250 articles covering topics in molecular biology, molecular medicine and biotechnology. Each article has been carefully reviewed and is well illustrated and referenced. Each subject is presented on a first-principle basis, including appropriate mathematics. Aranged alphabetically for easy access, each self-contained article begins with a key-word section, complete with definitions in the context of that particular topic. A concise definition of the subject and its importance follows and leads into the body of the article, which is divided into appropriate subsections and details the principles, applications and background of the topic. Where appropriate, articles provide cross-references to related articles so that the reader may explore associated subjects in the book. Each article concludes with a bibliography. This text is designed to assist the growing number of scientists from such diverse backgrounds as biology, medicine, physics, chemistry, mathematics and engineering who interact with the molecular biology, molecular medicine and biotechnology fields.