Noncompliance is a significant problem in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease. Compliance in Healthcare and Research, edited by Lora E. Burke, PhD, MPH, RN and Ira S. Ockene, MD, is unique in that it addresses the problem of compliance across three levels: the cardiovascular patient, the health care provider, and the healthcare organization. <P>Moreover, this book examines very current and classic issues, such as the role of managed care in compliance, use of standards in assessing health outcomes, and use of the "intention to treat" strategy in analyzing compliance data. The expert authors not only describe the problems at each level of compliance, but also provide empirically-based strategies for addressing the problems. Additionally, individual chapters focus on specific population groups (such as children, minorities, and the obese); on clinical and research settings; and on methodology, such as measurement techniques and statistical analyses of compliance data. <P>This diverse book should be used by all healthcare professionals and providers aiming to enhance compliance, healthcare managers wishing to address compliance from an organizational or policy level, and researchers interested in describing and measuring compliance, as well as interventionists interested in testing theoretically-based constructs.