Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. The Golden Horn (Turkish: Hali or Alt n Boynuz, Greek:, Keratios Kolpos) is a historic inlet of the Bosphorus dividing the city of Istanbul and forming the natural harbor that has sheltered Greek, Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman and other ships for thousands of years. It is a scimitar-shaped estuary that joins the Bosphorus just at the point where that strait enters the Sea of Marmara, thus forming a peninsula the tip of which is "Old Istanbul" (ancient Byzantion and Constantinople). Its Greek and English names mean the same, but the significance of the designation "golden" is obscure, while its Turkish name Hali simply means "estuary." It has witnessed many tumultuous historical incidents and its dramatic vistas have been the subject of countless works of art.