Charulata (The Lonely Wife) was Ray's twelfth feature film. It was also the director's favourite. In an interview with 'Cineaste' - the leading American film magazine, when asked about his most satisfying film, Ray said, "Well, the one film that I would make the same way, if I had to do it again, it is Charulata." Certain details, such as references to Bankim Chandra Chatterjee - the most popular Bengali novelist of the period, bits of songs, literary allusions, etc. make it a great film. But the film works on many levels and like most Ray films, Charulata is universal in its appeal. In Charulata, Satyajit Ray explores the emergence of the modern woman in the upper-class of colonial India. One can not help drawing parallels with Ibsen's A Doll's House. The context is suggested by important details. The opening sequence is a piece of cinematic poetry. We see the young wife Charulata moving from one window to another in her house. She observes the activities of the outside world through the window blinds using opera glasses. She is like a caged bird in her mansion. We sense her curiosity and desire to know the outside world. Ray conveys the innermost feelings and thoughts of his characters without any dazzling technique and with minimal dialog.